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Kenya, like most developing countries, has faced rapid growth of cities and urban areas over the years: this has been accompanied by immense increase in the number of urban inhabitants resulting in proliferation of informal settlements. this has not been accompanied with commensurate investments in infrastructure and services to support the ever-increasing population resulting into complexities in the urban space that are increasingly difficult to address through traditional and conventional planning approaches. Nairobi and Mombasa, two of the three cities in the country, have some of the highest population growth rates out of the 47 counties. According to the 2019 census, Nairobi County had a population of 4,556,381, an increase of 1,418,012 persons from the population of 3,138,369
captured in the 2009 census. Contextually, urban spaces in Mombasa and Nairobi have transformed into informal unplanned settlements characterized by poverty, unequal access to land, unsustainable land use, inefficient land administration systems and insecurity
of tenure. This insecurity has resulted to the exclusion of the urban poor particularly in the access to land and land rights, infrastructure and basic services, access to public resources and has led to increased vulnerability of dwellers